I had heard the term “modern art” being used to describe, more often than not, abstract art. Thus, in my head, art that focused on colors, textures, and shapes, rather than accurate depiction, was considered modern art. However, that’s not the whole story; it’s just the tip of the iceberg. Modern art forms a part of a much larger cultural movement that dates back to the twentieth-century – Modernism. As the word suggests, Modernism took shape around the belief in the progress of society and was a revolt against the traditional values of realism. It was based on a ‘utopian vision’ of society that arose from the extensive changes taking place in Western society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Put on your top hats and bowler hats as we visit the late 1800s.