In the 21st century world revolutionised by Information Technology, the Internet has become the preferred and most widely used mode of communication. Many human rights activists and scholars, including the United Nations, have supported the claim that access to the Internet is a human right. In many countries like Estonia, Finland, France, Greece and Spain, the Right to Internet Access has already been declared a human right. The underlying argument is that the Internet is essential for life in the 21st century. The Right to the Internet can also be seen as an integral part of pre-existing fundamental and Constitutional rights like Right to Freedom of speech and expression, Right to Healthcare, Right to Trade, Right to Education and even Right to Life. Under the Indian Constitution, the State is responsible for ensuring these rights and any restrictions on the same need to pass the tests of ‘proportionality’ and ‘reasonableness’. In light of this context, this article attempts to analyse the role of Internet access in the backdrop of a global pandemic and the state-announced lockdown measures.
Author: Dewangi Sharma Page 1 of 2
A law student who loves to argue and not concede, a connoisseur of all things rustic and old, she can never get tired of dancing and making random conversations. Also, Smiling is her superpower!
Now that thousands of migrant workers are returning home via state facilitated buses and trains, it would be difficult for them to sustain without any jobs or work to do. One of the solutions to this problem is the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) which provides guaranteed employment opportunities to the rural poor. This flagship government program would help the many native and migrant workers who are dependent on NREGA in coping with the immediate stress. The person/ household, rendered destitute, needs a short-term unemployment benefit which will tide them over till the principal earner gets a job again. The government had announced in the lockdown 2.0 guidelines that NREGA would continue on and workers working under the scheme would be guaranteed minimum wages. The scheme also stipulates that if workers register for work, but are not provided employment, they are eligible for an unemployment allowance amounting to a quarter of their wages in the first month, half in the second, and full wages thereafter.
Confucianism is one of the great traditions of the world that comes from East Asia. It has influenced, inspired and changed the world for the last many centuries and continues to remain a powerful force, not only in Asia, but around the globe in the 21st Century. For over 2,500 years the Confucian thought has dominated and shaped the worldview of China. The teachings of Confucius are still quoted, analysed and read to understand the various aspects of Chinese society, culture and its great government. The theory has been introduced and developed in Korea, Japan and Vietnam and is now even accepted in the Western world. There is a group in Boston called the Boston Confucians.
According to the World Bank, the story of Vietnam’s growth in the last three decades is a story that can be translated into an ‘economic miracle’. Today, Vietnam is one of the most successful and fastest-growing economies in Asia. In East Asia, it could be considered second only to China in terms of economic growth. During the US-China Trade War, many companies decided to relocate to Vietnam, and the same is expected to happen as a response to the Coronavirus crisis. It is difficult to believe that this small, war-torn communist country would enjoy such stellar economic growth and development. In this article, we try to understand how Vietnam has been successful in transforming itself from an extremely poor country into a very successful middle-income economy, through various reforms like the Doi Moi, or even the bold step to compete in a global market.
Everyone probably assumes that financial decisions are made from the head, and not the heart (yes all decisions are made using the brain, but you know what I mean). Finance and economics is one field which relies heavily on rational decision-making, using positive tools like mathematics, information, data analysis and the concept of ‘wealth maximisation”. Investing in the stock market, selling your shares, borrowing from the bank are some examples of financial decisions you may take in your life and you would probably rely on economics and mathematics to seal your deal. This is a notion that behavioural finance attempts to challenge. You will not always use the rational means of data, information and scientific analysis while making your financial decisions. Financial decisions are not free of the emotional and psychological interferences of the players involved. Behavioural finance combines the knowledge of psychology and economics to explain certain investment anomalies that are seen in real life. It has caused experts to rethink many economic concepts. It has brought into light the importance of human ideas, behaviour and is in stark contrast to the conventional financial theories. In this article, I will be discussing one of the most interesting ideas introduced by behavioural finance: Gambler’s fallacy.
I would not be saying anything new when I say that the Covid-19 induced social and economic crisis is extraordinary, unprecedented and highly uncertain. The planet is grappling with this new global disorder that is changing the world in every possible way: the schools are now online, work meetings happen in pyjamas from the comfort of one’s homes, legal justice is now being done without robes and gavels (but not in undergarments, yet), the BJP and the opposition are not quarrelling over every other thing and millions of livelihoods are lost. While we are all battling this unique war, many interesting developments are happening in India’s political scene.Covid-19 is changing the Politics in India in multiple ways. In this article, I attempt to delve into some of the political developments happening in the country while the war on the virus and economic slowdown continue.
India has faced many famines and droughts, but none have been as cruel as the Great Famine of Bengal in 1770. The famine was a result of the failure of monsoon and the ignorant, selfish policies of the East India Company which had become the de facto ruler of the Gangetic plains covering West Bengal, present-day Bangladesh, Bihar, Orissa, and parts of Jharkhand. According to an estimate, as many as 10 million people died due to starvation. Along with the famine, the epidemic of smallpox also contributed to taking away lives in Bengal.
The recent ambush between naxalites and CRPF Personnel in Chhattisgarh which led to the death of 17 CRPF jawans, paints a looming picture: that the Naxalite insurgency is still active and continues to be a dangerous internal threat to India’s security. In the words of former PM Manmohan Singh it could be termed as “the biggest threat to internal security”.